Lord Krishna

Lord Krishna is known as the Eighth incarnation or avatar of Lord Vishnu. He is one of the most revered incarnations in the Vedas. He played the most crucial and critical part in the Mahabharata. Lord Krishna is also known as Vasudeva, Gopala and Bala Krishna. His legends span from His ever-pleasing childhood, to pleasing the residents of Vrindavana, to killing the demons, to attracting the Gopis to sharing the highest philosophical discourse on Dharma with His friend and disciple Arjuna in the Mahabharata.

The Lord was born to Devaki and Vasudeva during their incarceration. There was a celestial prophecy (Akashvani) that the eight son of Devaki will kill the demonic King Kansa, brother of Devaki. This was due to his demonic nature and ruthless ruling over his kingdom. Soon after the prophecy, he got his sister Devaki and her husband Vasudeva incarcerated and awaited the birth of the eighth son. Afraid of death personified (Vishnu); he killed all six innocent children immediately after their birth. Such heinous acts made me the most sinned ruler in the whole universe. Devaki had a miscarriage for the 7th baby, and it is believed that divine powers transferred the womb to Roshini secretly, so Balarama could be born as Krishna’s elder brother. When Lord Krishna was born on a rainy night, and was secretly removed by Vasudeva from the prison, and sent to live with His adoptive parents Yashoda and Nanda in Gokula.

The name ‘Krishna’ originates from the Sanskrit word Krsna which means ‘dark’ or ‘dark blue’, and He is always depicted in deities or idols as a black or blue-skinned man. His devotees call Him by many names, some of which include:

As prophesized, the Lord killed His uncle Kansa and reinstated his (Kansa’s) father, Ugrasena, as the king of Mathura. He befriended Arjuna and the Pandava princes and settled down in Dwarka – His own kingdom. He is believed to have married eight queens, namely – Rukmini, Jambavati, Satyabhama, Mitravinda, Kalindi, Bhadra, Nagnajiti and Lakshmana – collectively known as the Ashtabharya.

When the battle of Mahabharata seemed inevitable, the Lord as a diplomat decided to aid both sides. The Kauravas and Pandavas would have to choose between Him and His army called as Narayani Sena, wherein He Himself would not raise any weapons. Arjuna chose to have Lord Krishna on their side while Duryodhana chose Krishna’s army. Lord Krishna was Arjuna’s charioteer during the Battle of Mahabharata, and this is where He gave the greatest philosophical discourse to Arjuna later known as the Bhagavad Gita meaning the Song (gita) of God (Bhagavad).

Lord Krishna uses the Sudarshana Chakra, His highly charged indestructible disc weapon. This is the ultimate weapon of destruction described in the Vedic literature. It is a spinning, disk-like weapon with 108 serrated edges in two rows that move in different directions. The Lord placed the Govardhan Mountain on the Sudarshana Chakra to lift it. He also used it to kill Shishupal.

Bodily Features

Vedic literatures describe Lord Krishna as an attractively dark (described as black or dark blue) that resembles rain clouds, along with long beautiful hair. He wears a head-dress made of peacock feathers, plays the flute, and wears an orange silk dhoti. He is known to have an exquisitely beautiful face with eyes like lotus petals, a beautiful highly raised nose, an exquisite and enchanting smile, a beautiful forehead and fully decorated ears with golden earrings. His voice is sweet, and a divine gem called Kaustubha hangs around his neck. He is often shown wearing a long garland of ever-fresh flowers around his neck. There are believed to be nineteen auspicious markings on the bottom of the feet of Lord Krishna, which distinguish Him from others, including a flag, thunderbolt, umbrella, disc, half moon, plough, conch, lotus, and instrument to drive an elephant.

Vehicles (Vahana)

Lord Krishna is an avatar of Lord Vishnu therefore doesn’t have a specific vehicle, but in several stories His vahana is also Garuda. Garuda as mentioned in the various Vedic literatures especially Vishnu Purana has always been regarded as the personal servitor of Vishnu. Lord Krishna carries an image of Garuda on His banner. It is believed that He rode Garuda along with His consort Satyabhama to kill Narakasura, and also used the help of Garuda to save Gajendra – His elephant devotee.

Favourite Fruits or Food

BalKrishna (Baby Krishna) was fond of butter and has a sweet tooth, which is why He is often also depicted with a laddoo in his hand. He is known to love Maakhan Mishri – a dish made with fresh white butter sprinkled with sugar. There is another story where Sudama brought Lord Krishna poha – a dish made with flattened rice flakes, and the Lord claimed that it was his favourite food. On the occasion of Janmasthami (Lord Krishna’s birthday), the devotees offer Him sweets made with milk products and sugar, like rabri, kheer, kalakand, peda, misti doi, gopalkala, kesar peda, basundi, phirni, Bal Bhog and coconut laddoos.

Mentions in the Vedas and Puranas:

Lord Krishna is central to many of the legends mentioned in the epic Mahabharata. The Eighteenth Chapter of the Sixth Book constitutes the Bhagavad Gita – the highest philosophical discourse Lord Krishna gives to Arjuna on the Battlefield of Kurukshetra. The Harivamsa section contains various stories of the Lord’s childhood and boyhood. The Lord (Purusha) also mentioned in the Rig Veda as the Infallible Truth. Several Puranas especially Bhagavata Purana talks about His incarnations in various Yugas and His pastimes before the advent of His most sought-after incarnation as Krishna. This Bhagavata Purana was written by Vyasadeva that has 18,000 verses in 12 cantos, making it one of the most significant Puranas.

Legends of Lord Krishna:

While there are several scriptures narrating the pastimes of the Lord helping the Pandava princes win the Battle of Mahabharata through His astute wisdom, planning and intelligence. One such heart-warming story tells of Sudama who went to meet Lord Krishna. Sudama, a Brahmin, was Krishna’s childhood friend and staunch devotee. A man of meagre means, he wished to go meet his friend Lord Krishna, who was the king of Dwarka at the time. Sudama was too honest and humble to ask for Krishna’s help and didn’t want to go meet his long-lost friend empty-handed. Since he had no means to buy expensive gifts for the king, he took with his a handful of puffed rice as a gift.

The Lord greeted Sudama warmly, as the latter was awed by the splendour of Dwarka. Krishna's hospitality humbled him, and he felt embarrassed to give his friend the simple gift he carried. Seeing a small bag in Sudama's hand, Krishna promptly asked him whether His gift was inside the bag. Sudama unwillingly took it out and Lord Krishna happily accepted the gift as if it was the most precious thing.

When Sudama reached his home, his old hut had been replaced by a huge mansion filled with food and his family was adorned in new clothes. Without uttering a word, his humble gift of puffed rice told the Lord of his pitiable financial state, and the Lord showered him with blessings in return of the humble, honest gift.

Another intriguing story tells of Lord Krishna as Govardhan Dhari. A young Krishna once questioned the devotion of the people in Brajdham towards Lord Indra, and advised the milkmen and shepherds to stop praying to the arrogant god. Insulted by this act, Lord Indra decided to send Samvartak – dark clouds that rained torrents and caused floods to Brajdham. Soon Brajdham was flooded and the torrents uprooted trees as well as houses. To save the people, Lord Krishna placed the Govardhan Parvat upon His Sudarshan Chakra and lifted the mountain, hence creating underneath it a safe place for the people of Brajdham to wait for the storms to pass. He stood for seven days and nights, holding up the mountain, keeping the people safe. Lord Indra gave up and felt ashamed of his acts at the end of seven days, and the Samvartak were recalled. That’s how Lord Krishna came to be known as Govardhan Dhari, or The One who lifted Govardhan.

Radha: The Lord’s most faithful Companion and Friend

The name Radha is always associated with Lord Krishna. Many devotees pray to Radha-Krishna, as She is perceived as His affectionate lover and devotee. Krishna without Radha is unthinkable, yet Radha never married Krishna. While Krishna is believed to be married to the Ashtabharya, or the Eight Queens, as well as sixteen thousands other maidens he rescued from Narakasura.

Some legends say that when Krishna, Balarama and Akrura left Vrindavan to go to Mathura to fight Kansa, Radha knew that Krishna will be victorious and will hence lead the Yadu Clan. A simple cowherd village woman, she was unable to picture Herself as the Queen, and did not wish to leave Vrindavan, a place where She spent Her pastimes with the Lord. She was afraid that power and responsibility will change the Lord. She wanted to stay forever immersed in the thoughts of Krishna She completely devoted Herself to. She stayed back to take care for Krishna’s parents, and asked for His flute as a gift. The Lord gave it to Her and never returned then.

It is believed that years later, after Krishna assumed the statesmanship of Dwarka and married His princely wives, He saw Radha once again at Kurukshetra where people from all the kingdoms came to bathe in the holy waters of Syamantapanchaka after a total solar eclipse. His parents (Devaki and Vasudeva) wanted to meet and thank Krishna’s adoptive parents who kept Him safe for many years, and who were accompanied by Radha. No words were spoken between the two. Hence, Vrindavan is believed to have been enshrined forever because of Radha's selfless love and sacrifice.

Another story which is rarely narrated is that Arjuna was not the only one who heard the narration of Bhagavad Gita first-hand. It is believed that the Bhagavad Gita was also heard by Lord Hanuman, who was perched atop Arjuna’s chariot throughout the battle to come to aid when the time called, and Sanjaya, who was blessed by Veda Vyasa with divine vision so he could narrate the events of Mahabharata to the blind king Dhritharashtra.


Lord Krishna is worshipped by Hindus, Jains and Buddhists throughout the world. There are several powerful mantras to appease the Lord, and here are a few of them.

1. The Hare Krishna mantra , also referred to reverentially as the Maha Mantra ("Great Mantra"), is a 16 word  mantra which is believed to be a powerful hymn to evoke the powers of Lord Krishna. This is the most recommended mantra for this day and age, a powerful medium for prayer as well as meditation.

"hare kṛiṣhṇa hare kṛiṣhṇa
kṛiṣhṇa kṛiṣhṇa hare hare
hare rāma hare rāma
rāma rāma hare hare"

2. Sri Krishna Chaitanya Mahaprabhu Mantra:

"namo maha-vadanyaya
krishna-prema-pradaya te
krishnaya krishna-chaitanya-
namne gaura-tvishe namah"

It means: You are a magnificent incarnation; You are Krishna Himself appearing as Sri Krishna Chaitanya Mahaprabhu. You are golden in colour and bestow unlimited love to your true devotees. We offer our respectful obeisance unto You.

3. In the Shri Krishna 24 Naam Mantra , the various names of Lord Krishna are recited in his worship.

"Shri Keshvay namah, Naraynay namah, Madhvay namah,
Govinday namah, Vishnve namah, Madhusudnay namah,
Trivikramay namah, Vamnay namah, Shridhray namah,
Hrshikeshay namah, Padhanabhay namah, Damodaray namah,
Sankrshnay namah, Vasudevay namah, Prdyumnay namah,
Aniruddhay namah, Purushottmay namah, Adhoxjay namah,
Narsinhay namah, Achyutay namah, Janardnay namah,
Upendray namah, Haraye namah, Shri Krishnay namah."

4. Krishna Chant is simple and often recited by believers in their daily course of life.

"Om Krishnaya Namah"

It means:

Please accept my salutations O Sri Krishna.

5. Shree Radha Krishna Stuti pays respects to the childhood divine form of Krishna.

"Kararavinde Na Padaravindam
Mukharavinde Viniveshayantam
Vatasya Patrasya Pute Shayanam
Balam Mukundam Manasa Smarami"

It means:

I pray to Lord Krishna in his infant form, he who sleeps in a Banyan leaf. He put his lotus life feet to his mouth, with the help of His hands.

How To Pray?

Most devout Hindus pray to Lord Krishna every day, though special prayers are offered on his birthday – Janamashtami when devotees fast for the day and visit Krishna temples at night to welcome BalKrishna into the world on the eve of his birth.

Here is a simple way to pray to Lord Krishna on an everyday basis. Have a bath and think of Lord Krishna, sitting in your peaceful mandir. Light a diya or earthen lamp, and recite the Maha Mantra:

"Hare Krishna Hare Krishna, Krishna Krishna Hare Hare
Hare Rama Hare Rama, Rama Rama Hare Hare”

Offer Panchamrit to the Lord during pooja. This is a concoction made of mixing five ingredients - milk, curd, honey, ghee, sugar and Tulsi, is offered during puja. Tulsi leaves are the best offering made to Krishna. You can light incense or agarbathis. Offer Lord Krishna fresh fruits and sweets made for prasadam, while chanting the shloka – “Om Namo Vasudevaya Namah”. Meditate for a few minutes. After the Krishna Puja remove the fruits and prasadam and share with others.  Lord Krishna taught us to rise above rituals and to perform action. The best offering to Lord Krishna is to perform one’s duty and pay mind to one’s Dharma and Karma.

Krishna Idols
Lord Krishna is the eighth and the most revered incarnation of Lord Vishnu. All the Vedic scriptures confirm that Lord Krishna is the Absolute manifestation of Brahma, Vishnu and Shiva Himself. Worshipped across many traditions of Hinduism, He is considered to be the complete manifestation of all the cosmic energies as confirmed in the Nine Chapter of Bhagavad Gita. Krishna idols can be placed at your home for daily worship and it is the best way to meditate on His powerful form. Krishna idols ward off evil spirits and negativity. The idol of Krishna along with His consort Radha ensures marital bliss.

It fills the home and the occupants with positivity, blessings and fortune. We offer Rama, Krishna and Vishnu idols in brass and marbles as well as natural gemstones.
View Gemstone Idols View Brass / Marble Idols

Related Chakra

The Chakra closely associated with Lord Krishna is Swadishthana Chakra or the Sacral Chakra.It is located at the tailbone, between the base of the spinal cord and the navel. It is believed to be the centre of Joyful energy and linked to sexual desires, fertility, creativity and compassion. Imbalances in the Swadishthana Chakra can lead to lower back problems, impotence, back pains, endometriosis and PCOS, emotional instability as well as depression. The Sacral Chakra allows us to submit completely to the divine authority and promotes the feelings of courage, power, love, contentment and self confidence.

Credibility Since 1997

Pranprathishith Items

Premium Curated Products

Researched Products

Correct Usage Advised

Worldwide Network

50,000+ Testimonials