Goddess Saraswati


In the Vedas, Saraswati is the Goddess of Learning, Wisdom, Knowledge, Music, Arts and Skills. In Sanskrit, Saraswati means “the essence of the self”. Goddess Saraswati is the consort of Lord Brahma, and hence, source of all knowledge herself. Since knowledge is necessary for creation, Saraswati symbolizes the creative power of Brahma. She is a beautiful goddess being elegant, graceful and glowing with the light of knowledge. She is often worshipped by the knower of Vedas, the seers and the inquisitive students. She is the river of consciousness that enlivens creation; being the dawn-goddess whose rays dispel the darkness of ignorance.

Goddess Saraswati is also known as Gayatri, which is where the Gayatri Mantra gets its name. Her name is loosely translated as “the one who flows”, which is why Saraswati River got its name too. She is the deity of the river in the Rig Veda. The same meaning is applied to her intellectual thoughts and words. She represents the free flow of wisdom and consciousness and is considered to be the mother of the Vedas, which is why Saraswati Vandana chants often mark the beginning and end of all Vedic lessons.

Goddess Saraswati is known by several other names, some of which include:

Goddess Saraswati is significant as a goddess from the Vedic age through modern times of Hindu traditions. Vasant Panchami, which is the fifth day of spring, is dedicated to her. It is celebrated with great ardour in temples, homes and educational institutes alike. Goddess Saraswati is not only worshipped by Hindu, but is also a revered in Buddhism and Jainism. She is worshipped widely all over India, Japan, Vietnam, Indonesia and Myanmar.

Bodily Features


The vehicle or vahana of Goddess Saraswati is the swan. It signifies the acquisition of wisdom and knowledge. Sometimes, she is also seen riding a beautiful peacock, which denotes her gracefulness, elegance, and mastery over performing arts.

Favorite Fruits And Flower:

As the Goddess of learning and wisdom, Goddess Saraswati is easily pleased with a simple rich based dish. She is often offered Khichdi made with yellow dal. Kheer made with rice, milk and sugar is also offered to her as bhoga. Since she is most often seen seated upon a white lotus, the flower is offered to please her during prayers.

Mention In Vedas and Puranas

 Goddess Saraswati is believed to be the Mother of the Vedas. She is mentioned in all major Indian literature dated between 1000 BC and 1500 AD. She is called the Mother of the Vedas in Shanti Parva of the epic Mahabharata. It also calls her the celestial creative symphony that appeared when the universe was created by Lord Brahma. Book Two of Taittiriya Brahmana names her as the mother of eloquent speech and melodious music. Early Rig Vedic hymns describe her as a mighty river that flowed down to earth from heaven. Later Vedic texts record the river disappeared over the years at Vinasana and joined the Ganga and Yamuna as an invisible third river. Some believe the holiness and sanctity of the modern Ganga is because it still contains the holy, life-giving waters of the ancient Saraswati.

In Rig Veda (6.61.7), Saraswati along with Lord Indra kills the serpentine demon Vritra, who had hoarded all of the earth's water and brought drought. Saraswati is the earliest example of a goddess associated with the river in the Indian tradition, which later sees other goddesses such as Ganga, the feminine personification of the Ganges River. The Vedas also associate her with medicine and healing. In the Satapatha-brahmana she is invoked to heal sickness, and in the Rig Veda she is closely linked to the twin gods of healing – Asvinas.


After Lord Brahma created the cosmic universe, he realized that it lacked forms, concepts and orders. He felt lost and needed assistance to organize the Universe. He decided to create the very embodiment of knowledge to help him with this Herculean task, and from his mouth emerged the Goddess Saraswati. She gave him direction on how to create order in the cosmos, as we know it. The sun, the moon, and the stars were born. The oceans emerged and seasons changed. The joyous Brahma then named Saraswati - Vagdevi, the goddess of speech and sound. Thus Brahma became the creator of the world with Saraswati as his source of wisdom.

Another legend tale tells the story of how Goddess Saraswati got back the life-giving Somras from the Gandharvas without a war. It is believed that the Gandharvas were demigods who sprang from the fragrance of flowers. They stole the Soma plant from the gods, as its inebriating and invigorating sap was believed to make devas immortal. This infuriated the gods, but Goddess Saraswati promised to recover the plant without a fight. She walked into the garden of the Gandharvas and began to create beautiful music with her veena - the enchanting tunes of ragas and the raginis. Mesmerized, the Gandharvas begged for the music, and Goddess Saraswati agreed to teach it to them if they returned the Soma plant. Hence, the gods got back their Soma plant, and the Gandharvas learned music to become celestial musicians whose melodies could rouse the mind like no other intoxicant.

Secret Stories

While together Lord Brahma and Goddess Saraswati are considered to be the creators of the universe, few know that they never enjoyed domestic bliss. Legends say that she sprung from the forehead of her father, Brahma. When Brahma set eyes on the beautiful Saraswati, he became enamoured by her beauty and intelligence. Saraswati disliked his lust, so she decided to escape his gaze. But no matter what direction she moved in, Brahma grew another head just to be able to look at her. He grew a head in each direction and one atop them all – hence having 5 heads to be able to see her anywhere.

This distressed Goddess Saraswati a great deal and she cursed Lord Brahma, so he would have very few temples to worship him. When Brahma’s lust started to upset the order of the world, Lord Shiva stepped in as Bhairava, Lord of Terror. As Bhairava ripped off Brahma’s fifth head, he came back to his senses. He needed to perform a yagna to cleanse himself, but needed a wife for that. So Brahma took Saraswati as his wife. Yet, she remained aloof and absent-minded as the marriage was out of duty, and the two never enjoyed marital bliss.


As the Goddess of knowledge, music, craft, wisdom, arts and auspiciousness, Goddess Saraswati is greatly worshipped by Hindus. There are several mantras used to please the Goddess and gain her blessings for performing well in educational endeavours and examinations.

1. The Bija Mantra of Saraswati is simple, and said before and after starting a lesson.

Aing Saraswathye Namah

It means: Salutations to Goddess Saraswati

2. Vidya Mantra is a shloka that is useful for improving memory, power and concentration in studies.

"Saraswati Namasthubhyam
Varade Kamarupini
Vidhyarambam Karishyami
Siddhir Bavathume Sadha"

3. The Saraswati Vandana often marks the beginning and end of all Vedic lessons. A powerful chant, it is widely used by scholars and learned men.

"Yaa Kundendu tushaara haara-dhavalaa, Yaa shubhra-vastra’avritaa
Yaa veena-vara-danda-manditakara, Yaa shweta padma’asana
Yaa brahma’achyuta shankara prabhritibhir Devai-sadaa Vanditaa
Saa Maam Paatu Saraswati Bhagavatee Nihshesha jaadya’apahaa.
Shuklaam Brahmavichaara Saara paramaam Aadhyaam Jagadvyapinim,
Veena Pustaka Dhaarineem Abhayadaam Jaadya’andhakaara’apahaam
Haste Sphaatika Maalikam Vidadhateem Padmasane Sansthitaam
Vande taam Parmeshwareem Bhagavateem Buddhipradaam Shardam."

It means:

May the Goddess Saraswati protect me. She is fair like the jasmine-coloured moon, and her pure white garland is like frosty dew drops. She is adorned in radiant white clothes and in her hand rests the veena. She has a throne of white lotus and is respected by the Gods. Oh Goddess, bless me and remove my weariness, sluggishness and ignorance.

4. Maha Saraswati Mantra is used by students to make learning easy.

"Om Aim  Hrim
Kleem Maha Saraswati Devaya

5. Saraswati Mantra is used to seek the blessings of the Goddess.

"Saraswati Mahabhage
Vidye Kamalalochane
Vishwaroope Vishaalaakshi
Vidyam dehi namosthuthe"

It means:

Goddess Saraswati, the lotus-eyed personified knowledge, I pray to you to shower me with all the powers and glories of all knowledge that exist. She has large-eyes, taking the form of the whole universe.

5. Saraswathi Namasthubhyam Mantra is used in many schools before staring any new lesson.

"Saraswathi Namasthubhyam,
Varadey Kaamarupinee
Vidhyarambham Karishyami,
Sidhir bhavathu mey sada"

It means:

O Goddess Saraswati, I offer humble prostrations to you, as I know you are capable of fulfilling all my wishes. I request you to bestow your blessings on me, before I start my studies.

How to Pray to Goddess Saraswati:

In South India, the last three days of the Navaratri festival, i.e., Ashtami, Navami, and Dashami, are celebrated as Saraswati Puja. In North India, Vasant Panchami is dedicated to the prayer of Goddess Saraswati. Learned scholars who pray to Goddess Saraswati believe that there is no particular day or time dedicated to the worship of the Goddess of Learning, as she does not prefer ritual worship. Whenever one starts a learning process, it is best to recite Saraswati Mantra and begin. However, Goddess Saraswati is worshipped in homes, fine arts schools and also temples. The idol is decorated and adorned in white, representing purity. Earthen lamps (or diyas) are lit, denoting that the illumination of knowledge overpowers the darkness of ignorance. Lotus and other fragrant flowers like jasmine are offered. The idol of the goddess faces east, and books as well as stationary items are placed before the goddess. The books are left before the Goddess for the entire day. For Vasant Panchami, Saraswati puja is performed by offering roli, moli, yellow flowers, gulal, fruits, yellow-coloured sweets like sohan-papri to the Goddess. After invoking the Goddess, lamps are lit. Aarti is done to sing hymns in praise of the Goddess.

Saraswati Idols

Saraswati is the deity that embodies knowledge, music, arts, wisdom and learning. It is believed that worshipping and meditation on Goddess Saraswati with her mantra awards knowledge, art, performing music and much more. Saraswati idols can be placed at your home for daily worship and it is the best way to meditate on her lotus-like form. Bless your home and the dwellers with positivity, opportunity and knowledge by Saraswati Idol. We offer Saraswati idols of brass and marbles as well as natural gemstones.

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You can use the following energized items related to Goddess Saraswati:

Collector Twenty Mukhi (Java):

A Twenty Mukhi Rudraksha bead is for those who seek to have fine speech, knowledge and flair in arts and music. The ruling deity of this bead is Lord Brahma who is the husband of Goddess Saraswati. Both of them rule the aspects of intelligence, speech and knowledge. Lord Brahma was blessed by Lord Vishnu with creative energy and knowledge to create the universes. Goddess Saraswati is the Divine Creative energy of Brahma.

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Shri Ram
Shree Saraswati Yantra
Shree Saraswati Yantra:

This Yantra is must for those willing to excel in arts and music or any other creative pursuits. It is carved in with powerful Vedic mantras of Goddess Saraswati. By properly installing this Yantra attracts the cosmic elements of Saraswati. Those students who are unable to catch with others in the same grade must use this yantra and install in their bedroom or study room.
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Gold Plated Maa Saraswati Idol on a Peepal Leaf:

It is made using gold plated original Peepal Leaf such that the leaf veins matrix is kept intact. Gold Plated Maa Saraswati on a Peepal Leaf is very unique and special as out of 100 leaves, only one leaf comes out intact which is then treated and coated with gold plating. Maa Saraswati is the Goddess of knowledge, wisdom and intellect. Keep this Gold Plated Maa Saraswati on a Peepal Leaf with stand in one’s home or office to usher knowledge, wisdom, prosperity, success and happiness. Gold Plated Maa Saraswati on a Peepal Leaf can also be a memorable and exquisite gift for your near and dear ones.

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Shree Saraswati Yantra Locket
Shree Saraswati Yantra Locket:

This locket made of silver has Saraswati yantra on one side and the impression of Saraswati on the other. One can wear and carry the powers of this Yantra. Saraswati bestows intellect, intelligence and is the patron Goddess of learning and music. The Yantra is made in pure silver with gold polished.

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Saraswati Yantra Ring:

It is made in pure silver with Saraswati Yantra on top. It is best for students aiming to score higher marks. It is charged or energized with her seed mantra or beej mantra.

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Saraswati Yantra Ring

Related Chakra

The Vishuddha Chakra or the Throat Chakra is associated with Goddess Saraswati. It is the 5th Chakra, and governs our speech and creative expression in the world. It is located at the base of the throat, in the V that is formed in the center of the collarbone. Known as the centre of purification, this is where energy becomes transformed into our manifestations. A clear Vishuddha Chakra makes one an excellent speaker, artist or writer.

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