Lord Kubera is the Universal Treasurer under the able administration of Goddess Lakshmi. Kubera's wealth is very well mentioned in Rig Veda. He is the store house of all prosperity and assumes highest responsibilities. Vaishravane the grandson of Brahma is none other than Kubera. Indeed, he is the cousin to Ravana. Even though there was a mutual fight between them, due to the vision and grace of Kubera on Ravana's Kingdom, Ravana and his subjects were able to live a luxurious life. Whenever Kubera reached his other destinations by using his Puspak Vimaana (an airplane), many droppings of gold silver and pearls used to take place. Those places flourished in no time. Kubera did severe penance. On seeing his penance, Lord Shiva was very much pleased and the seat in northern direction was handed over to him. With the leadership, Shiva adorned him as king of Alakpuri. He epitomizes artha, wealth, opulence as described in the Vishnudharmottara Purana.
There are many variations in the origin of the word ‘Kubera’. It is made of ‘Ku’ from ‘Kumbha’ (to hide or conceal [in a pot]); the one who hides things (treasures) in a pot. ‘Ku’ also means ‘land or earth’ ‘Vera’ from ‘Vira’ means ‘hero’; the one who rules the land or earth (with the matchless opulence). He is also called as Ekaksipingala because he once enviously looked at Shiva and His constort Parvati. One of the eyes gradually lost eyesight. Parvati made that eye (deformed) yellow. Hence he’s called Ekaksipingala; a person with yellow eye.
He is fair complexioned, dwarf with the extended Belly, smiling face and a horse as his Vehicle. In another posture, he is seated on a lotus with right leg folded and leaving down the left leg. He has a diving conch on the left hand while the right has Padmavadhi with a pot placed on his right thigh. His wife is Sittarini. Golden clothes and ornaments indicate his affluent status in the heaven. With his divine armor and necklace on his belly, he is described in the Vishnudharmottara Purana to have a beard and mustache. Two small tusks sticking out from the end of his mouth are there for reprimanding the sinners. His possessions include the Mace representing the justice, Ratna-Patra (jewel pot) representing the endless material prosperity, lion representing fearlessness and shibika (Club) representing a weapon for self-defense and attacking the demonic.
Different From Goddess Lakshmi:
Quite often, Lord Kubera is compared with Goddess Lakshmi, considered similar. However, there’s a difference between the two. Originally, the presence of goddess Lakshmi never meant to be the goddess of wealth and material opulence. A Rig Vedic verse ‘भद्रैषां लक्ष्मीर्निहिताधि वाचि’ (bhadraiṣāṁ lakṣmīrnihitādhi vāci) meaning ‘an auspicious fortune is attached to their words’ shows that Lakshmi is connected with ‘auspiciousness’ or ‘divinity’, not wealth or riches that are related to material possessions (meant for sense-gratification).
Although Sri Suktam (a Vedic hymn addressed to Her) mentions in the first hymn that with Her blessings there comes the supremacy over wealth, cattle, horses and men, She is called Sri who personifies absolute divinity and auspiciousness for She is the Divine energy of Lord Vishnu and commands the presence of Kuvera. In the following hymn (Sri Suktam), it is made clear.
upaitu māṁ devasakhaḥ kīrtiśca maṇinā saha
prādurbhūto’smi rāṣṭre’smin kīrtimṛddhiṁ dadātu me.
‘O Sri (Lakshmi)! I am born in this land with the heritage of wealth. May the friend of Lord Siva (Kubera) and Kirti (fame) come to me.’
In the above verse, the devotee prays that upaitu māṁ devasakhaḥ. ‘devasakhaḥ’ means the friend (sakha) of Shiva (Maha Deva, the lord of gods). The closest companions of Shiva in the Cosmic Himalayas, as given in the Bhagvat Purana (4.6.34) are the Four Kumaras and Lord Kubera who sit with Shiva and discuss divine subjects.
Lord Kubera is regarded as the god of wealth and the leader of superhuman Yakshas. Originally Kubera was the master of evil forces (spirits) who ruled the Lankan land before getting conquered by his stepbrother Ravana. Following the defeat, he started for North (Himalayas) where the greatest Yogi Shiva resides and settled in Alaka. There he attained the status of a demigod (deva). ‘Kubera’ or ‘Kuvera’ derives from kumba meaning ‘to hide’. There are suggested meanings. ‘Ku’ means ‘earth’ and ‘vira’ means ‘hero’; the one who rules the earth (with wealth and opulence).
The differences between Lakshmi and Kubera are:
- Kubera is connected with material prosperities acquired in the form of wealth, opulence and riches. Lakshmi is connected with divinity, auspiciousness whereas
- Kubera acquired the status of demigod through his struggle and Shiva’s blessings. Laskmis is of divine origin for She is an auspicious energy of Vishnu.
- Lakshmi is fortune personified. Fortune in a broader sense covers opulence and enlightenment. For example, Arujna was fortunate enough to receive enlightenment from the Lord on the Battlefield of Kurukshetra. Kubera is material leadership personified. He is the Keeper of wealth whereas the wealth, opulence, spiritual strength and the like originate from Sri (Lakshmi).
KUBERA YANTRA WORSHIP
Make Yantra either in Copper, Silver or God 3 X 3 Size with Nine Squares and numbers to be there by adding to stand be 72 and and offer ingredients such as milk, scented water etc. Perform pooja for 72 days by chanting the mantra. This Yantra Pooja gives success at once.
27+20+25+20 = 72
25+24+23 = 72
23+28+21 = 72
"Om Yakshaya Kuberaya Vaisravanaya
Dehi Thapayaswaha "
Wealth and prosperity will increase by chanting the above mantra every day 108 times
IDEAL TIME FOR KUBERA POOJA
The ‘Amavasaya' day in the month of November is auspicious for the Sri Lakshmi Kubera Pooja. The Yanthra of Sri Lakshmi Kubera should be placed on a clean cloth and plantain leaf spread over wooden plank on a Friday or Tuesday at the appropriate time on the Eastern side. Kalasa should be placed on the plank near the yantra on the right side. It should be filled with clean water mango leave should be placed in the Kailasa Kumkum, Chandan
should be applied and pushpa Mala should be put.
"Namo Namo Kuberaya Sanka padam Nidhi Prabho!
Suvaranavam Pingaksham Manasa Bavayamyaham|!
Kuberam Pushbaka Gathim Nidhibi Navabiryatham!
Dhanadanya Samrrithimme Tvat prasaddat Mahinthwa!!
Sri Mahalakshmi sahitham Dhanakarshana pratham
Sri kubera Rajam Dhyayami
Sukiliam baraderam Vishnum Sashivarnam Chahirabujam
Prasanna vadanam Dhayeth Sarvavignopa Shanthaye"
Om Bhu, Om Bhu, Om suvah, Om Mahah, Om Janah, Om Jayaka, Om Taph Om Satyam,
Om Tatsavithurvarenyam, Bargodevasya Demahi, Deeyayone Prochodayat.
KUBERA POOJA PROCEDURE
" Dhana Danya Namasthubyam Nidhi Padma Te Namah
Bhavanthu Tvat Prasadan me Dhanadanyathi Sampatha
Kuberam Pushpagatham Nidhin Navabiryutham
Svarna Vanram pingasham means a Dhavanamyaham!!
Naravahana Yakhsesa serva puniya laniaswara
Avasitho Maya Bandhya Pujam Ma sapalam Kuru!!
Sri Kuberaya Wamah Shodaka Pujam Karishey
Sri Kubera Namah Avahayami
Sri Argyam Samarpayami
Sri Padyam Samarpayami
Sri Achamaniyam Samarpayami
Sri Snanam Samarpayami
Sri Vastram Samarpayami
Sri Gandan Darayami Samarpayami
Sri Pushpani Samarpayami
Sri Dhoopa Deepam Samarpayami
Sri Naivedhyam Samarpayami
Sri Karpura Neerajanam Samarpayami"
It is always good to worship Sri Lakshmi and Kubera together.
SRI KUBERA AND BUDDHISM
Facts about Lord Kubera is found in the Scriptures of Buddhisim. In countries like China, Malaysia, Singapore, Thailand, Japan people worship Kubera as laughing Deity to ward off evils. They worship kubera in short, flawless, Smiling forms with fat pouch and a Kalasa with bag of ornaments. Though the religions are different it has been found that Lord Kubera form is one and the same.