According to the Vedic scriptures and astrology, Saturn (Lord Shani) is a huge celestial planet (Graha) which moves very slowly. As per Vedic astrology Shani means shanaiye, the one that moves slowly and has great significance. It takes around two and a half years to cross a zodiac sign.
Planet Saturn represented by Lord Shani is considered to be a very cold and dry planet due to Shani’s strained relation to his father Lord Surya, the sun god. Husband of Chhaya (meaning shadow), Shani is considered to be a dreaded Vedic deity. Planet Saturn placed in the proper sign and house, the lord Shani bestows the native with tremendous wealth and fame. When placed in an adverse condition it gives poverty, loss, misery, sorrow, accidents and hurdles in life. This planet is linked with age and hence longevity of a person. If placed favorably in one’s horoscope it gives long life. As per the karmas and circumstances, Shani gives long-term diseases that are difficult to cure. The native may have to suffer long illnesses. He rules over the bones and controls the large bones in the legs.
In spite of being feared, Saturn teaches its natives valuable lessons. It is considered to be the planet of justice. Saturn is the teacher that punishes his students when they make mistakes and rewards them when they do well. Depending upon the deeds or karmas of an individual he gives justice. Those influenced by Shani have to work hard. Things don’t easily come to them. It represents the labor class who work hard for a small livelihood. Land and all the things beneath it (mining items) are controlled by Saturn.
His color is black or blue and his metal is iron. Capricorn and Aquarius are the zodiac signs governed by Saturn. Shani is concerned with discipline and strictness and does not take chaos and disobedience kindly and it is the reason why people are afraid of it. Its slow movement gives two important common periods: Sade Sati and Dhaiya, which every person undergoes multiple times in their life. Sade Sati is for a period of seven and a half years and Dhaiya is for a period of two and a half years. These two periods are considered to be the most difficult phases in the native’s life. They have to face countless hardships in life without getting any respite or rewards. However as per Hindu astrology this is the time period when the native meets many spiritualists, allowing him to start for self-realization It is the period of penance, austerities where a person balances their sins and learns many lessons.
The hardships given by Mars and Saturn differ. The hardship of Mars makes a person unstable whereas the hardship of Saturn turns a person spiritual. It causes them to think about the cause of their hardship and he/she eventually becomes thinker or spiritual.
Astrological Significance of Saturn
Saturn is planet of Karma; He is the decision maker, the deliverer of justice. The person going through the phase of Shani sees life in black and white, which means that he is able the distinguish the right from wrong after discerning the truth. A powerful Saturn gives good results and a malefic Saturn causes delays and hurdles in life. It is the signification or karaka of grief and sorrow.
Shani Sade Sati or Sade Sati is the time period in a person’s life when he/she faces difficulties and challenges without any respite. It spans for a period of approximately seven and a half years. Sade Sati begins when planet Saturn enters the zodiac sign of an individual. Sade Sati is the period when the native’s own belief comes forth and forces him/her to make incorrect decisions. It is the perfect time to reset his opinions and beliefs. Shani rules the two signs Makara and Kumbha. In planetary terms Shani represents servants and is a neuter gender representing astringent taste. Among the five elements (Panchbhootas) it represents Air.
Its friendly planets are Mercury and Venus and it is hostile towards Sun, Moon and Mars. Rahu and Ketu consider Saturn as a friend. Jupiter is neutral to it.
The color related to Saturn is indigo. Its gemstone is Blue Sapphire (Neelam).
Lessons of Saturn
In the Vedic astrology, Saturn the ruler of Capricorn is associated with severity and limitations. It is said that when Jupiter expands Saturn compresses. Although feared, Saturn gives structure and meaning to our world. It reminds us our boundaries, responsibilities and commitments. Saturn understands the boundary of time and matter and meaning to our lives. Saturn teaches us the need for self-control, managing responsibilities and facing challenges head on within our limits. It is associated with fathers or authority figures. It is considered to be an authority figure like our fathers, teachers and elders. Even though as children we did not find their restrictions pleasant, it always helps us realize the world around us. Saturn helps us grow.
Saturn is ruled by Katyayini, the sixth form of Goddess Durga. Saturn is the deliverer of justice and Katyayini is the giver of righteousness as per the past actions. Lord Hanuman is also worshipped as He had rescued the Navagrahas (including Shani) from demon king Ravana.
Shani governs our Ajna Chakra or Third Eye chakra, also known as the Intuition Chakra associated with the power of thought, imaginations and abstract ideas. It controls the whole personality of a person. When active, this chakra helps us see both inner and outer worlds. Our thoughts get clear and we experience self-reflection and spiritual enlightenment. With this ability we can adopt the outer world and express our inner world. A blocked Ajna chakra manifests itself as stubbornness, vision and sinus problems and high temper. An open Ajna introduces charisma, intuition and clarity of judgment.
Shani dev is the son of Lord Surya and Chhaya. He is also called Chayyaputra. He is also the elder brother of Yama, the death god. The two sons of Surya are judges who deliver justice. Shani dev chastises one’s actions through punishments and rewards, whereas Yama gives deliverance after death.
The impact of Shani dev on astrological charts can be reckoned by the fact that when Shani opened his eyes for the first time the sun went into an eclipse. For the righteous, he is the greatest teacher and well-wisher; and for the sinful He is the punisher. Shani is the lord of the masses and his blessings are important in a person’s horoscope. Shani’s vahana (Vehicle) is the crow.
Another fable involves Lord Hanuman and the demon king Ravana. It is believed that when Ravana imprisoned the Navgrahas, Hanuman arrived and freed them. All the Grahas thanked Hanuman and said that his devotees would also be blessed by them. Hence the malefic of any planet (including Guru Dosh) can be removed by praying to Hanuman.